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ECtHR, Herri Batasuna and Batasuna v. Spain, Nos. 25803/04 & 25817/04, 2009
  • 2009
  • Spain
Public security
Legal bases
European Convention on Human Rights Spain: Organic Law 6/2002 on political parties (LOPP)
European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR)
Freedom of Association Proportionality

Herri Batasuna is a political organisation that was established in 1979. In 2002, the Audiencia Nacional suspended the activities of Batasuna and ordered the closure. Subsequently, the State Counsel, brought proceedings before the Supreme Court seeking the dissolution of the political party, on the ground that it breaches the LOPP by a series of activities that irrefutably amounted to conduct that was incompatible with democracy, prejudicial to constitutional values, democracy and human rights.

Legal grounds

Spanish organic Law 6/2002 on political parties (LOPP); Articles 10 and 11 of the ECHR.


The Court decided that there had been no violation of Article 11 of the Convention. The fact that the applicants’ projects were in contradiction with the concept of “a democratic society” and entailed a considerable threat to Spanish democracy, the dissolution measures were proportionate to the legitimate aim pursued.