PROTON is an innovative approach for a better understanding of the recruitment mechanisms in criminal and terrorist organisations. The project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement N° 699824.
The issue of radicalization leading to terrorism has become a crucial part of the political and academic agendas in Europe, confronted, especially in the last decade, not only to the threat from Jihadist terrorism but also with right/left wing violent extremism. Though violent radicalization is not a new phenomenon, its most recent manifestations require a
This article seeks to explore the ways that the internet has changed the crime organisation behind criminals, especially the development and organisation of transnational organised and virtual crimes? In seeking to answer these questions, we introduce a framework of models as ideal types for understanding these changes. It is a framework that reflects the evolution