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DARE: Dialogue about Radicalisation and Equality

Started in May 2017 the EU funded DARE project will be completed in April 2020. Nevertheless, progress has already been made.

The DARE consortium includes 17 members from 9 EU and 4 non-EU countries and is coordinated by the University of Manchester. DARE stands for DIALOGUE ABOUT RADICALISATION AND EQUALITY and is envisioned to be a four year project, financed under the EU´s H2020 program. 

It aims to significantly increase understanding of why and how young people become radicalised and the capacity to effectively counter radicalisation. As such, it includes “Islamist and anti-Islam(ist) radicalisation” and analyses how radicalisation processes interact to produce cumulative effects. Moreover, its focus are young people targeted by recruiters, while also placing emphasis on the gender dimension of radicalisation. 

Thus, DARE’s primary concern is to address the long term social roots and effects of radicalisation and to engage young people themselves in countering radicalisation through its, innovative, attention to non-radicalisation alongside radicalisation trajectories.

It does this through “integrating research, policy and practice objectives in a three stage process” of: 

  • critical review of existing knowledge, policy and interventions in radicalisation and counter-radicalisation;
  • generation of new empirical research on young people’s encounters with, and responses to, messages and agents of radicalisation;
  • integration of research findings to develop, pilot and evaluate two educational toolkits and a de-radicalisation

programme evaluation tool to enhance the effectiveness of counter-radicalisation interventions.

Progress in 2019: 

Much progress has been made, this list provides a short overview of the main, but not all, of the developments in 2019. 

29 January 2019 

Following its first periodic review meeting in November 2018, DARE was able to report on progress in all areas. However, specific focus was laid on the two deliverables already produced: a systematic review of studies on the relationship between inequality and radicalisation; and a de-radicalisation programme evaluation tool.

The systematic review of “ the evidence base on the relationship between inequality and radicalisation” reviewed 141  quantitative and mixed-method studies, which were published between 2001-2017. The full report can be found here

Following a  review of research on CVE evaluation to date DARE developed “a new tool for assessing the structural integrity of countering violent extremism (CVE) programmes”. The so called De-radicalisation Programme Integrity Evaluation Checklist or (DPIEC) enables an assessment of the structural integrity of a programm, for instance the technical quality of the programme design. As such, the DPIEC can be used to review existing programmes or to create new ones from scratch. The DPIEC is currently being trialled and will be made available to the public once testing is complete. 

2 April 2019

The DARE project held its mid-term Policy Forum in Malta, to present three key pieces of policy-relevant work ,which were completed. Namely: 

  • the comparative analysis of counter-radicalization policies across Europe;
  • the systematic review of research on the relationship between radicalization and (in)equality;
  • the new toolkit for the evaluation of the structural integrity of de-radicalization programmes. 

5 April 2019

Between the 2nd and the 4th of April the DARE Consortium met in Malta, hosted by The People for Change Foundation. During the meeting presentations of the progress and work carried out were held, while training on Nvivo coding was delivered. 

14 July 2019

DARE published its meta-ethnographic synthesis (MES) of qualitative research, authored by Alexandra Poli and Onur Arun. It generated interpretive explanations of the relationship between inequality and radicalisation derived from the synthesis of the findings of multiple empirical studies and can be accessed here.


Notes: This Article is based on the EU´s update on the project and the DARE website. 

Author: Niklas Hamann


DARE (2019). Dialogue about Radicalisation and Equality Available at:

European Commission (2019). Dialogue about Radicalisation and Equality Available at:


DARE, H2020, radicalisation, extremism, projects