The PARTICIPATION project has conducted several studies on extremism in the course of its implementation. The current paper has analysed the drivers of far left extremism.
The purpose of this paper is to examine systematically current scientific international literature on far-left extremism with three analytic aims: first, to identify the main trends within the current scientific debate about such political extremism. Second, focusing our attention on gender and youth. Third, to develop a “gap analysis”. According to current scientific literature, far-left groups are characterized by the widespread use of the Internet for both propaganda and mobilization purposes as well as fighting tactics through an increase in cyberattacks that has been matched by a decrease in physical violence. Manifestations of physical violence are in fact limited and often take place in the form of sabotage and urban guerrilla warfare. On the contrary, within this literature, a fundamental under-researched aspect concerns the link between local and global dimensions in explaining new forms of social and political conflict that characterize European societies, as left-wing extremism is.
Extremism, Prevention, Radicalisation, Empowerment, Violence, Polarisation, Jihad, School, Student, Teacher, Curriculum, far-left